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Weakly Supervised Deep Learning Approach to Breast MRI Assessment

      Rationale and Objectives

      To evaluate a weakly supervised deep learning approach to breast Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) assessment without pixel level segmentation in order to improve the specificity of breast MRI lesion classification.

      Materials and Methods

      In this IRB approved study, the dataset consisted of 278,685 image slices from 438 patients. The weakly supervised network was based on the Resnet-101 architecture. Training was implemented using the Adam optimizer and a final SoftMax score threshold of 0.5 was used for two class classification (malignant or benign). 278,685 image slices were combined into 92,895 3-channel images. 79,871 (85%) images were used for training and validation while 13,024 (15%) images were separated for testing. Of the testing dataset, 11,498 (88%) were benign and 1531 (12%) were malignant. Model performance was assessed.

      Results

      The weakly supervised network achieved an AUC of 0.92 (SD ± 0.03) in distinguishing malignant from benign images. The model had an accuracy of 94.2% (SD ± 3.4) with a sensitivity and specificity of 74.4% (SD ± 8.5) and 95.3% (SD ± 3.3) respectively.

      Conclusion

      It is feasible to use a weakly supervised deep learning approach to assess breast MRI images without the need for pixel-by-pixel segmentation yielding a high degree of specificity in lesion classification.

      Key Words

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