Advertisement

Analyzing the Landscape of the 2021 Virtual Match: A Nationwide Survey of Radiology Programs’ Stakeholders

Published:December 03, 2021DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.acra.2021.10.029

      Rationale and Objectives

      We aimed to provide insights into the adaptive strategies, benefits, and challenges faced by the radiology programs during the 2021 residency virtual Match. Furthermore, we explored the potential impacts of related topics, such as diversity and social media use on the Match process and outcomes.

      Materials and Methods

      A cross-sectional survey of 31 questions was designed and distributed via e-mails to individuals involved radiology programs match process during the 2021 Match. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the results of most questions. Two questions comparing the changes in factors influencing the selection of applicants on a Likert scale of 1-5 were analyzed using paired t-test and Wilcoxon signed-rank test where p-value <0.05 was considered statistically significant.

      Results

      Responses from 125 participants were analyzed. The following factors carried less weight in evaluating applicants during 2021 Match: away rotations (p < 0.01), no failed attempts in USMLE Step 1/CK (p < 0.01), grades in radiology clerkship (p < 0.04), and class rank/quartile (p < 0.04), while personal statements were more important (p < 0.03). Out of the 125 respondents, 80 (64%) and 58 (47%) strongly or somewhat agree on the effectiveness of virtual interviews in gauging applicants’ candidacy and showing their programs’ advantages, respectively. Advantages of virtual interviews included decreased cost, time flexibility, less faculty burden, and an increased number of offered interviews according to 81% (101/125), 46% (58/125), 40%, (50/125), and 34% (43/125), respectively. The most helpful platforms that showcased program advantages were program websites followed by Twitter and Instagram.

      Conclusion

      Most radiology programs were able to adjust to the virtual interview process, and the majority agree on their effectiveness citing many benefits. However, there were mixed opinions if it could be sustained in future cycles.

      Key Words

      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'

      Subscribe:

      Subscribe to Academic Radiology
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect

      References

        • Lewis P
        • Hayward J
        • Chertoff J.
        Student interviews for radiology residency: What influences how students rank programs?.
        J Am Coll Radiol [Internet]. 2010; 7: 439-445
        • Deloney LA
        • Perrot LJ
        • Lensing SY
        • et al.
        Radiology resident recruitment: a study of the impact of web-based information and interview day activities.
        Acad Radiol [Internet]. 2014; 21: 931-937
      1. Whelan A, Prescott O, Young G, et al. Guidance on medical students’ participation in direct in-person patient contact activities [Internet]. Washington, D.C: Assoc Am Med Coll AAMC (Association of American Medical Colleges).; 2020. p. 1–6. Available at: https://www.aamc.org/news-insights/press-releases/important-guidance-medical-students-clinical-rotations-during-coronavirus-covid-19-outbreak

        • Rozenshtein A
        • Griffith BD
        • Ruchman RB.
        Residency match during the COVID-19 pandemic: the clear and present danger of the remote interview.
        J Am Coll Radiol [Internet]. 2021; 18: 438-441
      2. The USMLE program and the National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME) the F of SMB (FSMB). InCUS - Invitational Conference on USMLE Scoring, Change to pass/fail score reporting for Step 1 [Internet]. 2021. Available at: https://www.usmle.org/incus/. Accessed September 9, 2021.

        • Rozenshtein A
        • Mullins ME
        • Marx MV.
        The USMLE step 1 Pass/Fail reporting proposal: the APDR position.
        Acad Radiol [Internet]. 2019; 26: 1400-1402
      3. Coalition for Physician Accountability. Final Report and Recommendations for Medical Education Institutions of LCME-Accredited, U.S. Osteopathic, and Non-U.S. Medical School Applicants The Coalition for Physician Accountability's Work Group on Medical Students in the Class of 2021 Moving Across [Internet]. 2020. p. 1–5. Available at: https://www.aamc.org/system/files/2020-05/covid19_Final_Recommendations_05112020.pdf. Accessed September 9, 2021.

      4. Directors AB of. APDR/APDIR position statement regarding residency recruitment in the 2020-2021 cycle [Internet]. Available at: https://www.apdr.org/. Accessed September 9, 2021.

        • Joshi A
        • Bloom DA
        • Spencer A
        • et al.
        Video interviewing: a review and recommendations for implementation in the era of COVID-19 and beyond.
        Acad Radiol [Internet]. 2020; 27: 1316-1322
        • Nguyen JK
        • Shah N
        • Heitkamp DE
        • et al.
        COVID-19 and the radiology match: a residency program's survival guide to the virtual interview season.
        Acad Radiol. 2020; 27: 1294-1297
        • Nwora C
        • Allred DB
        • Verduzco-Gutierrez M.
        Mitigating bias in virtual interviews for applicants who are underrepresented in medicine.
        J Natl Med Assoc Elsevier. 2021; 113: 74-76
        • Spottswood SE
        • Spalluto LB
        • Washington ER
        • et al.
        Design, implementation, and evaluation of a diversity program for radiology.
        J Am Coll Radiol [Internet]. 2019; 16: 983-991
      5. American Medical Association (AMA) online residency program database (FRIEDA) [Internet]. Available at: https://freida.ama-assn.org/. Accessed September 9, 2021.

        • Lewkowitz AK
        • Ramsey PS
        • Burrell D
        • et al.
        Effect of virtual interviewing on applicant approach to and perspective of the Maternal-Fetal Medicine Subspecialty Fellowship Match.
        Am J Obstet Gynecol MFM [Internet]. 2021; 3100326
        • Carmody JB
        • Rosman IS
        • Carlson JC.
        Application fever: reviewing the causes, costs, and cures for residency application inflation.
        Cureus [Internet]. 2021; 13: e13804
        • Pereira AG
        • Williams CM
        • Angus SV.
        Disruptive innovation and the residency match: the time is now.
        J Grad Med Educ [Internet]. 2019; 11: 36-38
        • Weissbart SJ
        • Kim SJ
        • Feinn RS
        • Stock JA
        Relationship between the number of residency applications and the yearly match rate: Time to start thinking about an application limit?.
        J Grad Med Educ [Internet]. 2015; 7: 81-85
      6. National Resident Matching Program, Results and Data: 2020 Main Residency Match®. [Internet]. Washington, DC; 2020. Available at: www.nrmp.org. Accessed September 9, 2021.

      7. National Resident Matching Program, Results and Data: 2021 Main Residency Match® [Internet]. Natl Resid Matching Progr Board Members Washington, DC; 2021. Available at: https://mk0nrmp3oyqui6wqfm.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/05/MRM-Results_and-Data_2021.pdf

        • Flippen CC.
        Residency match in the virtual world.
        JAMA Neurol [Internet] American Medical Association. 2021; 78 (Available at): 645-646
        • Rozenshtein A
        • Gilet AG
        • Griffith B
        • et al.
        Radiology residency match: the cost of being in the dark.
        Acad Radiol [Internet]. 2018; 25: 1491-1496
        • Hartman ND
        • Lefebvre CW
        • Manthey DE.
        A narrative review of the evidence supporting factors used by residency program directors to select applicants for interviews.
        J Grad Med Educ [Internet]. 2019; 11: 268-273
        • Comp G
        • Dyer S
        • Gottlieb M.
        Is TikTok the next social media frontier for medicine?.
        AEM Educ Train [Internet]. 2021; 5 (2021/06/08Available at)
        • Deville C
        • Hwang WT
        • Burgos R
        • et al.
        Diversity in graduate medical education in the United States by race, ethnicity, and sex, 2012.
        JAMA Intern Med [Internet]. 2015; 175: 1706-1708
        • Burk-Rafel J
        • Reinstein I
        • Feng J
        • et al.
        Development and validation of a machine-learning-based decision support tool for residency applicant screening and review.
        Acad Med. 2021; 96: S54-S61