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“Resident Managed Peer-Mentoring Program”: A Novel Way to Engage Medical Students and Radiology Residents in Collaborative Research

  • Author Footnotes
    # CONTRIBUTION: DAL: Novice learner enrollment / recruitment, managing "Resident managed Peer-mentoring program", data analysis, manuscript writing; KJS: Data collection; JPH: Project supervision, critically revising the manuscript for important intellectual content, DAL, KJS, JPH: Final approval of the version to be published.
    Dhairya A. Lakhani
    Correspondence
    Address correspondence to: D.A.L.
    Footnotes
    # CONTRIBUTION: DAL: Novice learner enrollment / recruitment, managing "Resident managed Peer-mentoring program", data analysis, manuscript writing; KJS: Data collection; JPH: Project supervision, critically revising the manuscript for important intellectual content, DAL, KJS, JPH: Final approval of the version to be published.
    Affiliations
    Department of Radiology, West Virginia University, Ruby Memorial Hospital, 1 Medical Center Drive, Morgantown, WV 26506
    Search for articles by this author
  • Author Footnotes
    # CONTRIBUTION: DAL: Novice learner enrollment / recruitment, managing "Resident managed Peer-mentoring program", data analysis, manuscript writing; KJS: Data collection; JPH: Project supervision, critically revising the manuscript for important intellectual content, DAL, KJS, JPH: Final approval of the version to be published.
    Katie J. Swaney
    Footnotes
    # CONTRIBUTION: DAL: Novice learner enrollment / recruitment, managing "Resident managed Peer-mentoring program", data analysis, manuscript writing; KJS: Data collection; JPH: Project supervision, critically revising the manuscript for important intellectual content, DAL, KJS, JPH: Final approval of the version to be published.
    Affiliations
    Department of Radiology, West Virginia University, Ruby Memorial Hospital, 1 Medical Center Drive, Morgantown, WV 26506
    Search for articles by this author
  • Author Footnotes
    # CONTRIBUTION: DAL: Novice learner enrollment / recruitment, managing "Resident managed Peer-mentoring program", data analysis, manuscript writing; KJS: Data collection; JPH: Project supervision, critically revising the manuscript for important intellectual content, DAL, KJS, JPH: Final approval of the version to be published.
    Jeffery P. Hogg
    Footnotes
    # CONTRIBUTION: DAL: Novice learner enrollment / recruitment, managing "Resident managed Peer-mentoring program", data analysis, manuscript writing; KJS: Data collection; JPH: Project supervision, critically revising the manuscript for important intellectual content, DAL, KJS, JPH: Final approval of the version to be published.
    Affiliations
    Department of Radiology, West Virginia University, Ruby Memorial Hospital, 1 Medical Center Drive, Morgantown, WV 26506

    Department of Neuroradiology, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia

    School of Medicine, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia
    Search for articles by this author
  • Author Footnotes
    # CONTRIBUTION: DAL: Novice learner enrollment / recruitment, managing "Resident managed Peer-mentoring program", data analysis, manuscript writing; KJS: Data collection; JPH: Project supervision, critically revising the manuscript for important intellectual content, DAL, KJS, JPH: Final approval of the version to be published.
Published:December 02, 2021DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.acra.2021.11.004

      Rationale and Objectives

      Engaging medical students and radiology residents in research during clinically focused training in residency can be challenging. We investigated extending a substantial degree of supervised autonomy to qualified residents to engage, mentor, and manage teams of medical students and other residents in research projects, fostering a system of laddered mentoring, referred to as “Resident Managed Peer Mentoring Program.” The structure is as follows: a resident with research experience (preceptor) first identifies small-scale hypothesis driven projects which different novice learner-researchers at different levels of research background and training can undertake. The learner and preceptor then outline the learner's deliverables and set deadlines for outcomes, with regular faculty check-ins and oversight.

      Materials and Methods

      This observational study assessed the outcomes of our “Resident Managed Peer Mentoring Program” beginning November 2019. Primary outcomes were numbers of peer-reviewed publications credited to individual radiology physicians. Secondary outcomes were: numbers of radiology physicians who participated in publication and academic rank-based analysis of publication numbers for attending radiologists before and after the intervention.

      Results

      Number of peer-reviewed PubMed publications increased after our intervention (47.8%, in year-1; 167.4% in year-2). Increases also occurred in the number of radiology physicians who authored publications. The effect was largest for early career physicians.

      Conclusion

      The “Resident managed peer-mentoring program” was a productive method that proved especially beneficial for students, residents, and early career physicians in our clinically focused training program. This approach may be transferable to other programs where an increase in research participation and productivity are valued.

      Key Words

      Abbreviations:

      ACGME (Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education), NIH (National Institutes of Health), TA (Teaching assistant)
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