Advertisement

Problem Based Learning in Radiology Education: Benefits and Applications

Published:October 06, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.acra.2022.08.015
      Throughout residency there are inevitably times when a resident views a case with which they are unfamiliar. Put yourself in the shoes of a radiology resident in such a situation. Despite the knowledge learned and the many hours working in residency, there are always diagnoses that are not easily deciphered . In these situations, the resident must be able to identify their knowledge gaps and take advantage of the resources around them, perhaps by referencing a textbook or reading through some of the many credible sources available online. Perhaps it will lead to a conversation with other residents in the reading room, sparking a discussion that invokes curiosity and takes advantage of collaboration to lead to a deeper understanding of the case at hand. The cooperation and open-ended search for knowledge in such a scenario mimics the approach emphasized in Problem Based Learning (PBL). In simple terms, PBL is a learner-centered approach that empowers learners to conduct research, integrate theory and practice, and apply knowledge and skills to develop a viable solution to a defined problem (
      • Savery J.R.
      Overview of problem-based learning: definitions and distinctions.
      ). Unlike the similar method of Case-based learning which takes advantage of a facilitator to guide the session and allows the students to prepare for the case ahead of time, PBL uses less guidance and minimal preparation to increase collaboration among learners, allows learners to identify and study key problems or learning objectives based on their knowledge gaps, and creates a memorable experience that will help retain knowledge (
      • Srinivasan M
      • Wilkes M
      • Stevenson F
      • et al.
      Comparing problem-based learning with case-based learning: effects of a major curricular shift at two institutions.
      ). Today, many medical schools nationwide take advantage of PBL in their curricula to prepare their students for the situations they will encounter in residency and in practice. This pedagogy can be expanded beyond medical school and applied to radiology residency to continue to develop critical thinking when faced with unfamiliar cases in the reading room.

      Key Words

      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'

      Subscribe:

      Subscribe to Academic Radiology
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect

      REFERENCES

        • Savery J.R.
        Overview of problem-based learning: definitions and distinctions.
        Interdiscip J Probl-based Learn. 2006; 1: 9-20https://doi.org/10.7771/1541-5015.1002
        • Srinivasan M
        • Wilkes M
        • Stevenson F
        • et al.
        Comparing problem-based learning with case-based learning: effects of a major curricular shift at two institutions.
        Acad Med. 2007; 82 (PMID: 17198294): 74-82https://doi.org/10.1097/01.ACM.0000249963.93776.aa
        • Yew E.H.J
        • Goh K.
        Problem-based learning: an overview of its process and impact on learning.
        Health Prof Educ. 2016; 2: 75-79https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hpe.2016.01.004
        • Lawal O
        • Ramlaul A
        • Murphy F.
        Problem based learning in radiography education: a narrative review.
        Radiography (Lond). 2021; 27 (Epub 2020 Nov 19. PMID: 33223417): 727-732https://doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2020.11.001
        • Lanier MH
        • Wheeler CA
        • Ballard DH.
        A new normal in radiology resident education: lessons learned from the COVID-19 pandemic.
        Radiographics. 2021; 41 (PMID: 33939548; PMCID: PMC8103952): E71-E72https://doi.org/10.1148/rg.2021210030
        • Darras KE
        • Forster BB
        • Spouge R
        • et al.
        Virtual dissection with clinical radiology cases provides educational value to first year medical students.
        Acad Radiol. 2020; 27 (Epub 2019 Nov 27. PMID: 31786075): 1633-1640https://doi.org/10.1016/j.acra.2019.09.031
        • Trullàs JC
        • Blay C
        • Sarri E
        • et al.
        Effectiveness of problem-based learning methodology in undergraduate medical education: a scoping review.
        BMC Med Educ. 2022; 22 (PMID: 35177063; PMCID: PMC8851721): 104https://doi.org/10.1186/s12909-022-03154-8
        • Ozuah PO
        • Curtis J
        • Stein RE.
        Impact of problem-based learning on residents' self-directed learning.
        Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2001; 155 (Erratum in: Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 2001 Dec;155(12):1350. PMID: 11386954): 669-672https://doi.org/10.1001/archpedi.155.6.669
        • Webb EM
        • Naeger DM
        • Fulton TB
        • et al.
        Learning objectives in radiology education: why you need them and how to write them.
        Acad Radiol. 2013; 20 (PMID: 23452482): 358-363https://doi.org/10.1016/j.acra.2012.10.003
      1. Knowledge and Experience Quotes. Available at: https://www.azquotes.com/quotes/topics/knowledge-and-experience.html. Accessed on April 21, 2022.