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Relationship Between Epicardial Adipose Tissue and Biventricular Longitudinal Strain and Strain Rate in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Published:September 14, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.acra.2022.08.019

      Background

      Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) has been reported to be increased in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). EAT thickness may impact left ventricular (LV) diastolic function. However, the association between EAT and right ventricular (RV) function in T2DM is unclear. We hypothesized an association between EAT volume and biventricular longitudinal strain and strain rate in patients with T2DM.

      Materials and Methods

      A total of 20 controls and 69 T2DM patients with preserved LV ejection fraction (EF) who underwent cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) were included. Biventricular function was evaluated by CMR Tissue-Tracking derived strain analysis, including LV global peak systolic longitudinal strain (LVGLS), peak diastolic longitudinal strain rate (LVLSR), RVGLS and RVLSR.

      Results

      Compared to controls, patients with T2DM had significantly higher EAT volumes with lower LVGLS, LVLSR, RVGLS and RVLSR (all p<0.05). EAT volume was significantly correlated with LVGLS, LVLSR, RVGLS and RVLSR in T2DM patients (r=-0.45, -0.39, -0.59, -0.50, all p<0.001). Multivariate linear regression analysis revealed that EAT volume was significantly associated with LVGLS (β=0.38, p=0.001), LVLSR (β=-0.35, p=0.003), RVGLS (β=0.64, p<0.001) and RVLSR (β=-0.43, p<0.001) independently of traditional risk factors in patients with T2DM.

      Conclusion

      Patients with T2DM had higher EAT levels and lower biventricular function than controls. EAT volume was independently associated with biventricular longitudinal strain and strain rate in T2DM patients.

      Key Words

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