Current Perception of Diversity in Academic Radiology: A Mixed Methods Study of Radiology Program Directors

Published:September 15, 2022DOI:


      To assess the perceived state of diversity in Radiology Residency Programs in the United States and to evaluate the level of acceptance for diversity, equity, and inclusion (DEI) initiatives.


      An electronic survey was conducted of the Radiology Residency Programs in the United States in December 2021 and January 2022. Respondents were recruited by email sent to the members of the Association of University Radiologists who were Radiology Residency Program Directors. Quantitative and Qualitative analyses were performed.


      Of the 198 emails sent out to the Radiology Program Directors, 53 completed surveys were returned (response rate of 27%). Although some progress has been made in increasing the number of women and Asians in Academic Radiology, there is persisting imbalance of the numbers of African American and Latinx radiologists which comprise far less than 25% of the physician workforce. Nearly half of the respondents reported having a Vice Chair of DEI. Three themes emerged from the qualitative analysis. Most respondents agreed that diversity should be considered when recruiting faculty and residents. Many noted a strong commitment to DEI but they felt there was room for improvement in formalizing efforts to aid in recruitment of underrepresented minorities. Diversity education was more likely mandatory for residents and optional for faculty.


      Academic Radiology programs are recognizing the value of internal DEI leadership roles. Radiologists are implementing DEI initiatives and making intentional changes in the recruitment of diverse radiologists. More concerted efforts are needed to increase the low numbers of African American and Latinx radiologists. Effective evaluation metrics for various DEI programs are needed to assess how successful these endeavors are in creating lasting changes.

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