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Comparison of Traditional Radiomics, Deep Learning Radiomics and Fusion Methods for Axillary Lymph Node Metastasis Prediction in Breast Cancer

Published:November 11, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.acra.2022.10.015

      Rationale and Objectives

      Accurate identification of axillary lymph node (ALN) status in breast cancer patients is important for determining treatment options and avoiding axillary overtreatments. Our study aims to comprehensively compare the performance of the traditional radiomics model, deep learning radiomics model, and the fusion models in evaluating breast cancer ALN status based on dynamic contrast-enhanced-magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) images.

      Materials and Methods

      The handcrafted radiomics features and deep features were extracted from 3062 DCE-MRI images. The feature selection was performed by applying mutual information and feature recursive elimination algorithms. The traditional radiomics model and deep learning radiomics model were built using the optimal features and machine learning classifiers, respectively. The fusion models for distinguishing axillary lymph node status were constructed using two fusion strategies. The performance of the models with MRI-reported lymphadenopathy or suspicious nodes to evaluate axillary lymph node status was also compared.

      Results

      The decision fusion model, with the integration of the radiomics features and deep learning features at the decision level, achieved an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.91 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.879-0.937), which was higher than that of the traditional radiomics model and deep learning radiomics model. The results of the decision fusion model with clinical characteristic yielded an AUC of 0.93 (95% CI: 0.899-0.951), which was also superior to other models incorporating clinical characteristic.

      Conclusion

      This study demonstrates the effectiveness of the fusion models for predicting axillary lymph node metastasis in breast cancer.

      Key Words

      Abbreviations:

      ALN (axillary lymph node), ALND (axillary lymph node dissection), CI (confidence interval), CNN (convolutional neural network), RFECV (recursive feature elimination and cross-validation), SLNB (sentinel lymph node biopsy)
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