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Do Ultrasound Based Quantitative Hepatic Fat Content Measurements Have Differences Between Respiratory Phases?

Published:January 09, 2023DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.acra.2022.12.021

      Rationale and objectives

      The recently developed ultrasound based tools using attenuation coefficient (AC) and scatter distribution coefficient (SDC) values can be used to quantify hepatic fat content in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). However, currently the impact of respiratory phase on these measurements is not known. The purpose of this study is to compare AC and SDC measurements acquired at peak inspiration and end expiration phases.

      Materials and methods

      AC and SDC measurements were obtained in 50 patients with NAFLD. Tissue Attenuation Imaging (TAI) and Tissue Scatter Distribution Imaging (TSI) tools were utilized to measure AC and SDC values, respectively. Five measurements were performed at respiratory phases using TAI and TSI tools and the median values were noted. Subgroup analyses were performed and Wilcoxon signed rank test was used for comparison of the measurements.

      Results

      The median values of the AC measurements at peak inspiration and end expiration phases were 0.87 dB/cm/MHz and 0.89 dB/cm/MHz, respectively. The median values of the SDC measurements at peak inspiration and end expiration phases were 97.91 and 96.62, respectively. There were no statistically significant differences in AC and SDC measurements between the respiratory phases except for AC measurements in BMI <30 kg/m2 subgroup.

      Conclusion

      Our results revealed that respiratory phases have no impact on SDC measurements. However, while the AC measurements in BMI ≥30 kg/m2 subgroup showed no significant difference, there was a significant difference in AC measurements in BMI <30 kg/m2 subgroup between the respiratory phases.

      Key Words

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