Education, Residents & Fellows|Articles in Press

Implementation and Evaluation of a Comprehensive Simulation Curriculum for the IR/DR Integrated Residency

Published:February 25, 2023DOI:

      Rationale and Objectives

      Endovascular simulation is a validated training method, allowing residents to improve technical skills with interventional equipment in a risk-free environment. The purpose of this study was to assess the utility and efficacy of supplementing the IR/DR Integrated Residency training program with a dedicated 2-year endovascular simulation curriculum.

      Materials and Methods

      Trainees participated in a 2-year curriculum that included the completion of 8 modules using a high-fidelity endovascular simulator (Mentice AB, Gothenberg, Sweden). Procedural modules included IVC filter placement, transarterial chemoembolization, trauma embolization, uterine artery embolization, prostate artery embolization, and peripheral arterial disease interventions. Each quarter, two trainees were filmed while completing an assigned module. Sessions led by IR faculty were held with film footage review and didactics on the assigned topic. Pre- and postcase surveys were collected to evaluate trainee comfort and confidence and assess the validity of the simulation. At the conclusion of the 2-year period, a postcurriculum survey was sent to all trainees to determine how residents viewed the utility of the simulation sessions.


      Eight residents participated in the pre- and postcase surveys. The simulation curriculum significantly increased trainee confidence for these 8 residents. A separate postcurriculum survey was completed by all 16 IR/DR residents. All 16 residents felt that simulation was a helpful addition to their education. A total of 87.5% of all residents felt that the sessions improved their confidence in the IR procedure room. A total of 75% of all residents believe that the simulation curriculum should be incorporated into the IR residency program.


      Adoption of a 2-year simulation curriculum can be considered for existing IR/DR training programs with access to high-fidelity endovascular simulators using the described approach.

      Key Words

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