Original Investigation|Articles in Press

Resident Attitudes and Experiences with a Novel Radiology-based Transgender Curriculum: A Qualitative Study

Published:March 11, 2023DOI:

      Rationale and Objectives

      Transgender persons often experience healthcare disparities due to lack of provider knowledge. With increasing gender diversity awareness and prevalence of gender-affirming care, radiologists-in-training need to be aware of the unique health considerations for this patient population. Radiology residents have limited exposure to dedicated teaching on transgender medical care and imaging during training. Development and implementation of a radiology-based transgender curriculum can help close this gap in radiology residency education. The aim of this study was to explore radiology resident attitudes and experiences with a novel radiology-based transgender curriculum, guided by the conceptual framework of reflective practice.

      Materials and Methods

      A qualitative approach was employed using semi-structured interviews to explore resident perspectives of a curriculum covering transgender patient care and imaging over 4 monthly sessions. Ten residents at the University of Cincinnati radiology residency participated in interviews consisting of open-ended questions. Interviews were audiotaped, transcribed, and thematic analysis was conducted across all responses.


      Four themes emerged through the existing framework: 1) impactful/memorable aspects; things learned; increased awareness; and suggestions/feedback. Prominent subthemes included patient panel and stories, physician experts sharing knowledge and experiences, link to radiology and imaging, novel concept, gender-affirming surgeries and anatomy, appropriate radiology reporting, and patient interactions.


      Radiology residents found the curriculum to be an effective novel educational experience that was previously unaddressed during their training. This imaging-based curriculum can be further adapted and implemented in a variety of radiology curricular settings.
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